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In Queensland, a qualified JP has additional powers outside of certification and notarisation. Queensland JPs have the authority to issue search warrants and arrest warrants. In conjunction with another qualified JP, they can also exercise powers to remand defendants in custody. In addition, they can grant bail and adjourn court hearings. There are instances of justices being appointed JPs at magistrate’s court, more commonly in far-flung aboriginal communities. This is so they may perform the functions of a stipendiary magistrate if needed. A lawyer may be appointed as JP without further education or qualification, and they may have the full powers of a JP (as magistrate’s court). Meanwhile, a JP may be assisted by a commissioner for declarations (or Cdec, which is an administrative role) in witnessing documents, statutory declarations, affidavits, oaths, and affirmations. (A Cdec has limited powers compared to a JP. They are not interchangeable roles.)

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